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Occasionally, especially in a longer research paper, you may not be able to include all of the information or ideas from your research in the body of your own paper.

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If you cite more than one work by a particular author, it is necessary to include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting.

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If the journal uses continuous pagination throughout a particular volume, only volume and year are needed, e.

What not to cite

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When to Cite Sources

Your best course of action in such a case may be to cite the most credible or authoritative of the multiple sources.

Occasionally, especially in a longer research paper, you may not citkng able to include all of the information or ideas from your tacts in the body of your own paper. In such cases, insert a note offering supplementary information rather than simply providing basic bibliographic information author, title, place and date of publication, and page numbers. In factx footnotes or endnotes, you might provide additional data to bolster your argument, or briefly present an alternative idea that you found in one of your sources, or even list two or three additional articles on some topic that your reader might find of interest.

Such notes demonstrate citing facts in an essay breadth and depth of your research, and permit you to include germane, but not essential, information or concepts without interrupting the flow of your own paper. Additional claims or analysis of your own that you want to include in your essay without distracting readers from the central line of argument may also appear in footnote form.

In these cases, the footnote will not include a citation because the ideas or findings presented belong to you. In all of the cases above, the standards of academic integrity require both citing the source in the text of your essay and its incorporation into your bibliography.

Failure to provide that citation may result in being charged with plagiarism. Here there would be no need to cite directly, but it would be appropriate to list it in your bibliography.

This is true whether you use the exact words of the source or put the information into your own citing facts in an essay. To keep the citations from becoming repetitious, you can very them: Whenever you use a source, you should let readers know that as early as possible and tell them what the source is. good five page essay topics

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You need to include a citation for every piece of borrowed information. When the advent of large publishing firms in the twentieth century made it possible to offer authors everything from editing to distribution under one roof, self-publishing fell out of favor DuHadaway par.

While the option for an author to publish his or her own work has always been available through book manufacturers and subsidy publishers, the resulting books have been looked down on by citing facts in an essay and reviewers as inferior products Ross 1. Do you see how easy it is to identify which information came from each one? But either way, you can clearly see which information came from which sources.

Students sometimes mistakenly think that because they are citing their source, parenthesis are necessary.

Citing Sources: What, When, and How Often to Cite

When citing cacts date, list day before month; use a three-letter abbreviation of the month e. If there is more citing facts in an essay one edition available for that date as in an early and late edition of a newspaperidentify the edition following the date e.

An article in a scholarly journal Author s. If the journal uses continuous pagination throughout a particular volume, only volume and year are needed, e. Modern Fiction Studies 39 If each issue of the journal begins on page 1, however, you must also provide the issue essag following the volume, e. A webpage Author s. It is necessary to list your date of access because web citing facts in an essay are often updated, and information available at one date may no longer be available later.

Be sure to include the complete address for the site. Also, note the use of angled brackets around the electronic address; MLA requires them for clarity. An article lead work courses south west an online journal or magazine Author s.

Some electronic journals and magazines provide paragraph or page numbers; include them if available. This format is also appropriate to online magazines; as with a print version, you should provide a complete publication date rather than volume and issue number.

Contents of this guide

Email to the author. This same format citng be used for personal interviews or citing facts in an essay letters. You need only change the designation accordingly. A listserv posting Author. A book with one author Frye, Northrop. A book with more than one author Gesell, Arnold, and Frances L. If facs are four or more authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase "et al.

A book with no author named Encyclopedia of Photography. An anthology or collection Rueschemeyer, Marilyn, ed. An essay in a collection Krutch, Joseph Wood. An article from a reference book "Mandarin. An essay in a journal with continuous pagination Flanigan, Beverly Olson. An essay in a journal that pages each issue separately Barthelme, Frederick.

Policy citing facts in an essay close did

A magazine or newspaper article Nimmons, David. A government publication United States Dept. A webpage Daly, Bill.


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